WULoRa: An Energy Efficient IoT End-Node for Energy Harvesting and Heterogeneous Communication

Michele Magno1, Faycal Ait Aoudia2, Matthieu Gautier2, Olivier Berder2 and Luca Benini1
1ETH Zürich
2IRISA, University of Rennes 1


Intelligent connected objects, which build the IoT, are electronic devices usually supplied by batteries that significantly limit their life-time. These devices are expected to be deployed in very large numbers, and manual replacement of their batteries will severely restrict their large-scale or widearea deployments. Therefore energy efficiency is of the utmost importance in the design of these devices. The wireless communication between the distributed sensor devices and the host stations can consume significant energy, even more when data needs to reach several kilometers of distance. In this paper, we present an energy-efficient multi-sensing platform that exploits energy harvesting, long-range communication and ultra-low-power shortrange wake-up radio to achieve self sustainability in a kilometer range network. The proposed platform is designed with power efficiency in mind and exploits the always-on wake-up radio as both receiver and a power management unit to significantly reduce the quiescent current even continuously listening the wireless channel. Moreover the platform allows the building of an heterogeneous long-short range network architecture to reduce the latency and reduce the power consumption in listening phase at only 4.6mW. Experimental results and simulations demonstrate the benefits of the proposed platform and heterogeneous network.

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