On the Automatic Generation of SBST Test Programs for In-Field Test
Andreas Riefert1,a, Riccardo Cantoro2,d, Matthias Sauer1,b Matteo Sonza Reorda2,e and Bernd Becker1,c
1Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Georges-Köhler-Allee 051, 79110 Freiburg, Germany.
2Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, Italy.
Software-based self-test (SBST) techniques are used to test processors against permanent faults introduced by the manufacturing process (often as a complementary approach with respect to DfT) or to perform in-field test in safety-critical applications. A major obstacle to their adoption is the high cost for developing effective test programs, since there is still a lack of suitable EDA algorithms and tools able to automatically generate SBST test programs. An efficient ATPG algorithm can serve as the foundation for the automatic generation of SBST test programs.
In this work we first highlight the additional constraints characterizing SBST test programs wrt functional ones, with special emphasis on their usage for in-field test; then, we describe an ATPG framework targeting stuck-at faults based on Bounded Model Checking. The framework allows the user to exibly specify the requirements of SBST test programs in the considered scenario. Finally, we demonstrate how a set of properly chosen requirements can be used to generate test programs matching these constraints.
In our experiments we evaluate the framework with the miniMIPS microprocessor. The results show that the proposed method is the first able to automatically generate SBST test programs whose fault efficiency is superior to those produced with state-of-the-art manual approaches.
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