Energy-Aware Cooling for Hot-Water Cooled Supercomputers
Christian Conficoni1,c, Andrea Bartolini1,2,a,e, Andrea Tilli1,d, Giampietro Tecchiolli3, Luca Benini1,2,b,f
1DEI, University of Bologna Italy.
2IIS, ETH Zurich, Switzerland.
3Eurotech Spa, Italy.
Hot-water liquid cooling is a key technology in future green supercomputers as it maximizes the cooling efficiency and energy reuse. However the cooling system still is responsible for a significant percentage of modern HPC power consumption. Standard design of liquid-cooling control relies on rules based on worst-case scenarios, or on CFD simulation of portion of the entire system, which cannot account for all the real supercomputer working conditions (workload and ambient temperature). In this work we first introduce an analytical model, based on lumped parameters, which can effectively describe the cooling components and dynamics, and can be used for analysis and control purposes. We then use it to design an energy-optimal control strategy which is capable to minimize the pump and chiller power consumption while, meeting the supercomputer cooling requirements. We validate the method with simulation tests, taking data from a real HPC cooling mechanism, and comparing the results with state-of-the-art commercial cooling system control strategies.
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