A Ultra-Low-Energy Convolution Engine for Fast Brain-Inspired Vision in Multicore Clusters
Francesco Conti1,a and Luca Benini1,2,b
1Department of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, University of Bologna, Italy.
2Integrated Systems Laboratory, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
State-of-art brain-inspired computer vision algorithms such as Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) are reaching accuracy and performance rivaling that of humans; however, the gap in terms of energy consumption is still many degrees of magnitude wide. Many-core architectures using shared-memory clusters of power-optimized RISC processors have been proposed as a possible solution to help close this gap. In this work, we propose to augment these clusters with Hardware Convolution Engines (HWCEs): ultra-low energy coprocessors for accelerating convolutions, the main building block of many brain-inspired computer vision algorithms. Our synthesis results in ST 28nm FDSOI technology show that the HWCE is capable of performing a convolution in the lowest-energy state spending as little as 35 pJ/pixel on average, with an optimum case of 6.5 pJ/pixel. Furthermore, we show that augmenting a cluster with a HWCE can lead to an average boost of 40x or more in energy efficiency in convolutional workloads.
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